AllMusic (previously known as All Music Guide and AMG) is an American online music database. It catalogs more than three million album entries and 30 million tracks, as well as information on musicians and bands. Initiated in 1991, the database was first made available on the Internet in 1994. AllMusic is owned by RhythmOne.
AllMusic was launched as All Music Guide by Michael Erlewine, a "compulsive archivist, noted astrologer, Buddhist scholar and musician". He became interested in using computers for his astrological work in the mid-1970s and founded a software company, Matrix, in 1977. In the early 1990s, as CDs replaced LPs as the dominant format for recorded music, Erlewine purchased what he thought was a CD of early recordings by Little Richard. After buying it he discovered it was a "flaccid latter-day rehash". Frustrated with the labeling, he researched using metadata to create a music guide. In 1990, in Big Rapids, Michigan, he founded All Music Guide with a goal to create an open-access database that included every recording "since Enrico Caruso gave the industry its first big boost".
The first All Music Guide, published in 1992, was a 1,200-page reference book, packaged with a CD-ROM, titled All Music Guide: The Best CDs, Albums & Tapes: The Expert's Guide to the Best Releases from Thousands of Artists in All Types of Music. Its first online version, in 1994, was a text-based Gopher site. It moved to the World Wide Web as web browsers became more user-friendly.
Erlewine hired a database engineer, Vladimir Bogdanov, to design the All Music Guide framework, and recruited his nephew, writer Stephen Thomas Erlewine, to develop editorial content. In 1993, Chris Woodstra joined the staff as an engineer. A "record geek" who had written for alternative weeklies and fanzines, his main qualification was an "encyclopedic knowledge of music". 1,400 subgenres of music were created, a feature which became central to the site's utility. In a 2016 article in Tedium, Ernie Smith wrote: "AllMusic may have been one of most ambitious sites of the early-internet era—and it’s one that is fundamental to our understanding of pop culture. Because, the thing is, it doesn’t just track reviews or albums. It tracks styles, genres, and subgenres, along with the tone of the music and the platforms on which the music is sold. It then connects that data together, in a way that can intelligently tell you about an entire type of music, whether a massive genre like classical, or a tiny one like sadcore."
In 1996, seeking to further develop its web-based businesses, Alliance Entertainment Corp. bought All Music from Erlewine for a reported $3.5 million. He left the company after its sale. Alliance filed for bankruptcy in 1999, and its assets were acquired by Ron Burkle's Yucaipa Equity Fund.
In 1999, All Music relocated from Big Rapids to Ann Arbor, where the staff expanded from 12 to 100 people. By February of that year, 350,000 albums and two million tracks had been cataloged. All Music had published biographies of 30,000 artists, 120,000 record reviews and 300 essays written by "a hybrid of historians, critics and passionate collectors".
The All Music Guide series
The All Media Network produced the All Music Guide: The Definitive Guide (at first released as The Experts' Guide), which includes a series of publications about various music genres. It was followed by Required Listening series, and Annual guides. Vladimir Bogdanov is the president and the main editor of the series.
- All Music Guide: The Definitive Guide to Popular Music (1st edition: 1992, 2nd ed: 1994, 3rd ed: 1997, 4th ed: 2001, 5th ed: 2008)
- All Music Guide to Classical Music: The Definitive Guide to Classical Music (2004)
- All Music Guide to Country: The Definitive Guide to Country Music (1st ed: 1997, 2nd ed: 2003)
- All Music Guide to Electronica: The Definitive Guide to Electronic Music (2001)
- All Music Guide to Hip-hop: The Definitive Guide to Rap & Hip-hop (2003)
- All Music Guide to Jazz: The Definitive Guide to Jazz Music (1st ed: 1994, 2nd ed: 1996, 3rd ed: 1998, 4th ed: 2002)
- All Music Guide to Rock: The Definitive Guide to Rock, Pop, and Soul (1st ed: 1995, 2nd ed: 1997, 3rd ed: 2002)
- All Music Guide to Soul: The Definitive Guide to R&B and Soul (2003)
- All Music Guide to the Blues: The Definitive Guide to the Blues (1st ed: 1996, 2nd ed: 1999, 3rd ed: 2003)
- All Music Guide Required Listening: Classic Rock (2007)
- All Music Guide Required Listening: Contemporary Country (2008)
- All Music Guide Required Listening: Old School Rap & Hip-hop (2008)
- All Music Guide to the Music of 2002: Your Guide to the Recordings of the Year (2003)
- All Music Guide to the Music of 2003: Your Guide to the Recordings of the Year (2004)
- "BLINKX ACQUIRES ALL MEDIA NETWORK, LLC - Newsroom - RhythmOne". Investor.rhythmone.com. April 16, 2015. Archived from the original on November 3, 2017. Retrieved August 22, 2019.
- Wolf, Gary (February 1994). "All Music". Wired. Retrieved February 27, 2014.
- Bowe, Brian J. (January 24, 2007). "Make it or Break it". Metro Times. Archived from the original on January 15, 2013. Retrieved February 27, 2014.
- Herbert, Daniel (January 24, 2014). Videoland: Movie Culture at the American Video Store. Los Angeles, CA: University of California Press. p. 209. ISBN 978-0520279636. Retrieved July 20, 2017.
- Formats and Editions of All Music Gude. World Cat. OCLC 31186749.
- Nosowitz, Dan (January 30, 2015). "The Story of AllMusic, Which Predates the World Wide Web". Vice. Retrieved June 22, 2017.
- Smith, Ernie (September 20, 2016). "The Big Data Jukebox". tedium.com. Tedium. Retrieved July 26, 2017.
- Weisbard, Eric (February 23, 1999). "Conjunction Junction". The Village Voice. Retrieved July 22, 2017.
- Powers, Ann (June 3, 2015). "Digital Underground Who Will Make Sure The Internet's Vast Musical Archive Doesn't Disappear?". NPR. Retrieved July 20, 2017.
- "Focus Article: Rovi Corporation". insidearbitrage.com. Inside Arbitrage. October 1, 2012. Retrieved September 28, 2017.
- "FAQ". AllMusic. Retrieved September 17, 2019.
- Unsted, Sam (April 16, 2015). "Blinkx Acquires Website Owner All Media Network For Undisclosed Amount". London South East.
- "BLINKX ACQUIRES ALL MEDIA NETWORK, LLC - Newsroom - RhythmOne". investor.rhythmone.com. Retrieved January 15, 2019.
- Smith, Ernie (September 16, 2016). "The Story of AllMusic, the Internet's Largest, Most Influential Music Database". Vice. Retrieved July 20, 2017.
- Bruno, Anthony (February 28, 2011). "AllMusic.com Folding Into AllRovi.com for One-Stop Entertainment Shop". Billboard. Retrieved June 15, 2013.
- Toon, Jason (July 21, 1999). "Rock Stock: A book report on the best tomes to consult before buying tunes". Riverfront Times. Retrieved March 8, 2015.
- Heater, Brian (August 13, 2007). "Top 100 Classic Websites – AllMusic – Slideshow from pcmag.com". PCmag.com. Archived from the original on March 29, 2017. Retrieved September 24, 2013.