Alwin Lopez Jarreau (March 12, 1940 – February 12, 2017) was an American singer and musician. His 1981 album Breakin' Away spent two years on the Billboard 200 and is considered one of the finest examples of the Los Angeles pop and R&B sound. The album won Jarreau the 1982 Grammy for Best Male Pop Vocal Performance. In all, he won seven Grammy Awards and was nominated for over a dozen more during his career.
Early life and career
Jarreau was born in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, on March 12, 1940, the fifth of six children. His father was a Seventh-day Adventist Church minister and singer, and his mother was a church pianist. Jarreau and his family sang together in church concerts and in benefits, and Jarreau and his mother performed at PTA meetings.
Jarreau was student council president and Badger Boys State delegate for Lincoln High School. At Boys State, he was elected governor. Jarreau went on to attend Ripon College, where he also sang with a group called the Indigos. He graduated in 1962 with a Bachelor of Science degree in psychology. Two years later, in 1964, he earned a master's degree in vocational rehabilitation from the University of Iowa. Jarreau also worked as a rehabilitation counselor in San Francisco, and moonlighted with a jazz trio headed by George Duke. In 1967, he joined forces with acoustic guitarist Julio Martinez. The duo became the star attraction at a small Sausalito night club called Gatsby's. This success contributed to Jarreau's decision to make professional singing his life and full-time career.
In 1968, Jarreau made jazz his primary occupation. In 1969, he and Martinez headed south, where Jarreau appeared at Dino's, The Troubadour, and Bitter End West. Television exposure came from Johnny Carson, Mike Douglas, Merv Griffin, Dinah Shore, and David Frost. He expanded his nightclub appearances, performing at The Improv between the acts of such rising stars as Bette Midler, Jimmie Walker, and John Belushi. During this period, he became involved with the United Church of Religious Science and the Church of Scientology. Also, roughly at the same time, he began writing his own lyrics, finding that his Christian spirituality began to influence his work.
In 1975, Jarreau was working with pianist Tom Canning when he was spotted by Warner Bros. Records. Soon he released his critically acclaimed debut album, We Got By, which catapulted him to international fame and won an Echo Award (the German equivalent of the Grammys in the United States). On Valentine's Day 1976 he sang on the 13th episode of NBC's Saturday Night Live, that week hosted by Peter Boyle. A second Echo Award would follow with the release of his second album, Glow. In 1978, he won his first Grammy Award for Best Jazz Vocal Performance for his album, Look to the Rainbow.
One of Jarreau's most commercially successful albums is Breakin' Away (1981), which includes the hit song "We're in This Love Together". He won the 1982 Grammy Award for Best Male Pop Vocal Performance for Breakin' Away. In 1983 he released Jarreau. It was his third consecutive #1 album on the Billboard Jazz charts, while also placing at #4 on the R&B album charts and #13 on the Billboard 200. The album contained three hit singles: "Mornin'" (U.S. Pop #21, AC #2 for three weeks), "Boogie Down" (U.S. Pop #77) and "Trouble in Paradise" (U.S. Pop #63, AC #10). In 1984 the album received four Grammy Award nominations, including for Jay Graydon as Producer of the Year (Non-Classical).
In 1984, his single "After All" reached 69 on the US Hot 100 chart and number 26 on the R&B chart. It was especially popular in the Philippines. His last big hit was the Grammy-nominated theme to the 1980s American television show Moonlighting, for which he wrote the lyrics. Among other things, he was well known for his extensive use of scat singing (for which he was called "Acrobat of Scat"), and vocal percussion. He was also a featured vocalist on USA for Africa's "We Are the World" in which he sang the line, "...and so we all must lend a helping hand." Another charitable media event, HBO's Comic Relief, featured him in a duet with Natalie Cole singing the song "Mr. President", written by Joe Sterling, Mike Loveless, and Ray Reach.
Jarreau took an extended break from recording in the 1990s. As he explained in an interview with Jazz Review: "I was still touring, in fact, I toured more than I ever had in the past, so I kept in touch with my audience. I got my symphony program under way, which included my music and that of other people too, and I performed on the Broadway production of Grease. I was busier than ever! For the most part, I was doing what I have always done...perform live. I was shopping for a record deal and was letting people know that there is a new album coming. I was just waiting for the right label (Verve), but I toured more than ever." In 2003, Jarreau and conductor Larry Baird collaborated on symphony shows around the United States, with Baird arranging additional orchestral material for Jarreau's shows.
Jarreau toured and performed with Joe Sample, Chick Corea, Kathleen Battle, Gregor Praecht, Miles Davis, George Duke, David Sanborn Rick Braun, and George Benson. He also performed the role of the Teen Angel in a 1996 Broadway production of Grease. On March 6, 2001, he received a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame, at 7083 Hollywood Boulevard on the corner of Hollywood Boulevard and La Brea Avenue. In 2006, Jarreau appeared in a duet with American Idol finalist Paris Bennett during the Season 5 finale and on Celebrity Duets singing with actor Cheech Marin. In 2009, children's author Carmen Rubin published the story Ashti Meets Birdman Al, inspired by Jarreau's music. In 2010, Jarreau was a guest on a Eumir Deodato album, with the song "Double Face" written by Jarreau, Deodato, and Nicolosi. The song was produced by the Italian company Nicolosi Productions. On February 16, 2012, Jarreau was invited to the famous Italian Festival di Sanremo to sing with the Italian group Matia Bazar.
Jarreau was married twice. Jarreau and Phyllis Hall were married from 1964 until their divorce in 1968. Jarreau's second wife (1954-2019) was fourteen years his junior. They were married from 1977 until his death in 2017 and had a son.
Illness and death
It was reported on July 23, 2010, that Jarreau was critically ill at a hospital in France, after performing in Barcelonnette, and was being treated for respiratory problems and cardiac arrhythmias. He was conscious, in a stable condition and in the cardiology unit of La Timone hospital in Marseille, the Marseille Hospital Authority said, and he remained there for about a week for tests.
In June 2012, Jarreau was diagnosed with pneumonia, which caused him to cancel several concerts in France. Jarreau made a full recovery and continued to tour extensively for the next five years until February 2017.
On February 8, 2017, after being hospitalized for exhaustion in Los Angeles, Jarreau cancelled his remaining 2017 tour dates. On that date, the Montreux Jazz Academy, part of the Montreux Jazz Festival in Switzerland, announced that Jarreau would not return as a mentor to ten young artists, as he had done in 2015.
|Year||Song||Peak chart positions|
|US Pop||US R&B||US A/C||US Jazz||CA A/C||UK||NZ||NL||BE||FR|
|1976||"Rainbow in Your Eyes"||—||92||—||x||—||—||—||—||—||—|
|1978||"Thinkin' About It Too"||—||55||—||x||—||—||—||—||—||—|
|"Gimme What You Got"||—||63||—||x||—||—||—||—||—||—|
|"Never Givin' Up"||102||26||—||x||—||—||—||—||—||—|
|1981||"We're in This Love Together"||15||6||6||x||1||55||24||—||—||—|
|"Teach Me Tonight"||70||51||—||x||—||—||—||—||—||—|
|"Your Precious Love"
(with Randy Crawford)
|"Trouble in Paradise"||63||66||—||x||—||36||—||—||—||—|
|1985||"Day By Day"
|1986||"L Is for Lover"||—||42||—||x||—||—||—||—||—||—|
|"Tell Me What I Gotta Do"||—||37||—||x||—||—||—||99||—||—|
|"The Music of Goodbye"||—||—||16||x||—||—||—||—||—||—|
|1989||"All of My Love"||—||69||—||x||—||—||—||—||—||—|
|"All or Nothing at All"||—||59||—||x||—||—||—||—||—||—|
|"It's Not Hard to Love You"||—||36||—||x||—||—||—||—||—||—|
(with George Benson)
|2014||"Bring Me Joy"||—||—||—||5||—||—||—||—||—||—|
|"—" denotes the release did not chart. "x" denotes the chart did not exist at the time.|
1996: The Best of Al Jarreau (Warner Bros)
- 1982: "Girls Know How", in the film Night Shift (Warner Bros)
- 1984: "Moonlighting (theme)" and "Since I Fell for You", in the television show Moonlighting (Universal)
- 1984: "Boogie Down", in the film Breakin' (Warner Bros)
- 1984: "Million Dollar Baby", in the film City Heat (Warner Bros)
- 1986: "The Music of Goodbye", duet with Melissa Manchester, in the film Out of Africa (MCA Records)
- 1989: "Never Explain Love", in the film Do the Right Thing (Motown)
- 1992: "Blue Skies", in the film Glengarry Glen Ross (New Line Cinema)
- 1992: "Heaven Is", in the film The Magic Voyage (Zweites Deutsches Fernsehen)
- 1978: "Hot News Blues" from Secret Agent/Chick Corea (Polydor)
- 1979: "Little Sunflower" from The Love Connection/Freddie Hubbard (Columbia)
- 1983: "Bet Cha Say That to All the Girls" from Bet Cha Say That to All the Girls/Sister Sledge (Cotillion)
- 1984: "Edgartown Groove" from Send Me Your Love/Kashif (Arista)
- 1985: "We Are the World" from We Are the World/USA for Africa (Columbia) US No. 1, R&B No. 1 UK No. 1
- 1986: "Since I Fell for You" from Double Vision/Bob James & David Sanborn (Warner Bros.)
- 1987: "Day by Day" from City Rhythms/Shakatak
- 1997: "How Can I Help You Say Goodbye" from Doky Brothers 2/Chris Minh Doky/Niels Lan Doky (Blue Note Records)
- 1997: "Girl from Ipanema" and "Waters of March" from A Twist of Jobim/Lee Ritenour (GRP)
- 2010: "Whisper Not" from New Time, New Tet/Benny Golson (Concord Jazz)
- 1974: "If I Ever Lose This Heaven" from Body Heat/Quincy Jones (A&M) (Jarreau provides background scat and vocal percussion.)
- 1982: "Your Precious Love (w/Randy Crawford)" from Casino Lights: Recorded Live At Montreux, Switzerland (Various Artists) (Warner Bros.)
- 2000: "Here's to You, Charlie Brown: 50 Great Years!" (David Benoit album)
- 2008: "Whisper Not" on New Time, New 'Tet (Benny Golson)
- 1998: "Smile and Pierrot (w/Gregor Prächt)" with Hollywood Bowl Orchestra, David Benoit, arranged by George Duke
- 2006: "Take Five (w/Kurt Elling)" from Legends Of Jazz With Ramsey Lewis Showcase (Various Artists) (LRS Media)
- 1989: "Somehow Our Love Survives" from Spellbound/Joe Sample (Warner Bros.)
Awards and nominations
Hall of Fame
|2001||Hollywood Walk of Fame|||
|2012||SoulMusic Hall of Fame at SoulMusic.com|||
|1991||Honorary Doctorate of Music||Berklee College of Music|||
|2004||Honorary Doctorate of Fine Arts||University of Wisconsin–Milwaukee|||
|1962||Bachelor's degree in Psychology||Ripon College|||
|1964||Masters degree in Rehabilitation Counseling||University of Iowa|||
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